When the wahabis of India objected on Darud Taj, the great Hanafi scholar, Mujaddid of the last century, Imam Ahmed Raza Khan [Rd] wrote al-amnu wa’l ‘ula , in which the great scholar used forty five quranic verses and almost two hundred hadith to refute the wahabis. This book has been recently translated into Arabic by Allama Noman Azhari.The Urdu version of this book can be read online
Later another great Hanafi scholar,Syed Kazmi [rd] wrote “Darud Taz per aitraaz ke jawab [Answer to the objections on Darud Taj]
Shaykh GF Haddad has also refuted these wahabi objections.
This artcile has been compiled from above three sources with some additional inputs from my side.
When the British took over India they realized that muslims of the subcontinent will oppose any non muslim ruler over them. In order to weaken the muslim population the british colonial power divided muslims into many sects. Mirza Ghulam Ahmed qadyani was given full support by the ruling colonial power. The british colonial power had already witnessed the divison of muslims in Saudi peninsula due to start of wahabi movement. They realized that if a similar division can be created among muslims of Indian subcontinent , then it will help them to control over the population. In order to full fill their plan , the british colonial power promoted the wahabi movement in India under the name of “deobandi”. What Ibn Abdal Wahab Najdi al tamimi did in saudi peninsula, the same methodology was adopted by the deobandis in indian subcontinent . Like Ibn Abd al wahabi najdi , the Indian wahabis who are called deobandis also called sunni muslims as “mushrik”.
This wahabi method of calling sunni muslims as “mushrik” in the subcontinent was first started by Ismail Dehalvi , who wrote Tafwiyatul Iman . In this book he showed disrespect to prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) and called muslims as “mushrik”.
Continuing this work, the follower of Ismail Dehalvi , Imam e rabbani of the deobandis, Shaykh Rashid Gangohi issued a fatwa that reciting Darud Taj is shirk (polytheism).
Darud Taj is recited by a huge muslim population and it has nothing but love and praise of the best of the creation, the most beloved of Allah ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam).
By calling the majority of the muslims as “ mushrik” (polytheist) , Shaykh Rashid Gangohi created division and confusion among the muslims. The british succeeded in using deoband as a tool in dividing muslims.
Readers should note that deobandi group is just another name for wahabis. The evil methodology of calling muslims polytheists has since continued . The present fatwa from deoband is a reminder to this fact.
In this article a detail analysis on this topic will be done.
First we will see proof of the usage of this term from Deobandi literature
Gangohi Fatwas:On “Darud Taj”*
*[The invocation of blessings on the Prophet called “The Crown”]
What do the ‘ulama of Deen say in regard to the excellence, merits and proofs of Durood-e-Taj which is established among the majority of muslims especially amongst the ignorant, and in which the following words [=qualities] are ascribed to the Prophet (‘alaihis salaam) :
“One who repels calamities, epidemics, droughts, ailments and anxieties.” Is the recitation of this Durood and accepting its excellence and merits is established/proven by the Shariah ruling or not? Or is it Shirk? or Bid’a ?
Answer : [ From Rashid Gangohi]
Whatever excellence is attributed to Durood-e-Taj by the ignorant (jahil) is absolutely wrong. And its status is impossible to be defined, until outlined by the Legislator (Holy Prophet) ‘alaihi salaam. And this Durood was drafted years after [him].
So how can the reading of this wording (seegha) of durood be declared worthy of reward? To disregard the wordings of durood which are established by sahih hadith and hope for merits in this (durood) and reciting it, is Bid’a Dalaala. And since there are shirkiyah statements (contaminated with shirk) included in it, there is a great danger of misleading the beliefs of masses. So the reading of this Durood is FORBIDDEN. And the teaching of Durood-e-Taj to the masses is like giving them lethal poison, because many people will become victims of contaminated shirk beliefs and that causes them to be destroyed.
Lahore ed. page 162, Delhi ed. Volume 3, Page 98-9,
Lines 9,10,11,12 and 1,2,3,4
A recent fatwa issued by Deobandhas repeatedthis wahabi verdict
(Fatwa 196/197=L)04 Mar,2008
The virtue and merit of Durood-e-Taj mentioned by ignorant Muslims is mere nonsense and baseless. The other duroods narrated in traditions are far better. The Durood-e-Taj contains some words leading to shirk (associating God with Allah), so it must not be recited. It has no base in Shariah.
and Allah (Subhana Wa Ta’ala) Knows Best
Darul Ifta, Darul Uloom Deoband
Another Deobandi Mufti who isin a habit of presenting deobandi false beliefin a sugar coated way to the muslim population , says:
……….In conclusion, there are three conditions for the permissibility of reciting the Salawat known as Durood al-Taj. If these three points are taken care of, then one will be rewarded for sending blessings upon the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) and achieve proximity to him in this world and the next.
a) This Salawat should not be considered to be specifically established through the Sunna, neither should it be considered superior to other forms of Salawat that are established and narrated from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace).
b) One should avoid attaching benefits of reciting this Salawat that are connected to the hereafter. However, there is nothing wrong in mentioning the many worldly benefits of reciting it, as they are based upon experience.
c) The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) must be considered a “means” of removing afflictions, sicknesses, droughts and the like, whilst Allah Most High must be regarded the absolute remover of all pains and calamities.
Some individuals may not be giving due attention to one, two or all three of the abovementioned conditions; hence it would be wise to explain the matter to them. It is in this context that some scholars of the past prohibited its recitation, for they saw the non-observance of these conditions. However, if these conditions are taken care off, then there is nothing wrong whatsoever in reciting this Salawat (Durood al-Taj), and one will be rewarded for doing so.
And Allah knows best
First we will see proof of the usage of this term from Deobandi literature
Shaykh Zakariya Kandhalvi al deobandi compiled “Fazil e Darud sherif’ (virtues of sending blessings upon prophet)in which most of the darudis not authentically related from the prophet.
There are literally hundreds of supplications by pious latter-day Muslims that were compiled years after the Prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam), such as the famous Ahzab by al-Shadhili, al-Rifa`i, etc. Most espically Dala’il al-Khayrat by al-Jazuli which is nothing but Durood, some of it from the Sunna and some of it from the heart of the author; not to mention the countless poems to the same end by the Awliya’ such as al-Busiri (whose Qasidat al-Burda apparently is in the Deobandi syllabus), al-Nabahani, Shaykh Muhammad al-Burhani, etc.
As for the statement, “its status is impossible to be defined, until outlined by the Legislator (Holy Prophet) ‘alaihi salaam. And this Durood was drafted years after [him]. So how can the reading of this wording (seegha) of durood be declared worthy of reward?” This criticism is astounding in view of the fact that it applies to much of Dala’il al-Khayrat, although the latter booklet of Salawat is part of the daily recitations of the Deobandi Shuyukh as reported by the Shaykh’s student Khalil Saharanfuri in al-Muhannad (Karachi ed. p. 24-25):
“We consider it desirable to invoke blessings on the Prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) abundantly and this is among the best acts of obedience and among the recommended acts that are closest to being obligations, whether through the recitation of the Dala’il [al-Khayrat] and the Awrad of Salawat composed in that chapter, or with other texts. However, the best according to us is whatever wording is authentically narrated from him. But if one uses other than what was reported from him , then *such can never be devoid of merit* and it deserves the glad tidings of [the hadith] ‘Whoever invokes one blessing upon me, Allah blesses him ten times. AND OUR SHAYKH THE `ALLAMA AL-GANGOHI USED TO RECITE THE DALA’IL [AL-KHAYRAT] and so did the rest of our Shuyukh… and they used to transmit the narration of the Dala’il just like hadith narrations, and Mawlana al-Gangohi would give ijaza for it to his friends, Allah have mercy on him.”
Please note : Deobandis wrote Al- Muhannad only to foolthe sunni arab scholars. The detail can be read here.
Deobandi objection is on this part
“One who repels calamities, epidemics, droughts, ailments and anxieties”
( dafi’ al-bala’I wal- waba’I wal-qahti wal- maradi wal –alam)
Readers will be shocked to see hypocrisy of these deobandis .
Hypocrisy no 1
AfterShaykh Rashid Gangohidied , his student , Mahmoodul Hasan wrote elegy (song written in praise of dead) for Mawlana Rashid Gangohee! Mawlana Mahmoodul Hasan is called “ shaykhul Hind” by the deobandis and he is among deobandi “ akabir”
The elegy has following wording
.My guides, my teachers, for me the be-all and end-all,
You are my masters, my patrons and my princes.
Rasheed and Qaasim-i-Kairaat, both are venerated teachers
Both of them are Qibla-e-Deen and Ka’ba-e-lmaan”.
To whom shall I now turn for the redress of my needs!
The redresser of all my physical and spiritual needs is now gone. “
“He is the second Junaid and Shiblee and Abu Mas’ood Ansari,
He is the Rasheed-e-Millat-o-Deen, the Ghaus-e-A’zam, the Qutb-e-Rabbani”.
[Ghaus” means one who redresses one’s grievances. And Mahmood-ul-Hasan Sahib addresses Gangohi Sahib not only as “Ghaus” but as “Ghaus-e-A’zam]
Even while present in the Ka’bah, it is a very good act to remember Gangoh. Just see:
“At the Ka’bah they went about inquiring about the way to Gangoh
Those that had in their hearts a keen desire to get at the truth”.
Seethe scan and related interesting issues at these links:
Hypocrisy no 2
Haaji Imdaadullaah Sahib,( the supreme spiritual guide of all Deobandis) after the death of his spiritual guide and teacher, Maulana Noor Muhammad Sahib, calls out to him thus:
Why should Imdaad have any fear when you are there to help me,
But my hands and feet tremble when I listen to the talk of love.
O prince Noor Muhammad! This is the time to come to my help,
For you are my only sources of help in this world.
(Shamaa’im-e-lmdaadiyah, Page 83; and Imdaad -ul-Mushtaaq, Page 116 (Thanvi)
Hypocrisy no 3
The hakimul ummah of the deobandis , Shaykh Ashraf Ali Thanvi says
‘( O Prophet!) you are the one who reveals what is hidden in our heart”.
” (O prophet) you are the one who provides relief from difficulty to those in need “
( Hayatul Muslimeen,page 9 )
See the scans here
It is sufficient for the readers to see that how these deobandis have praised their scholars but when the similar words are used for prophet, these wahabis do not hesitate to call muslims as mushriks .
Nowlets analyze the claims ofhidden deobandi mufti.
[ He was earlier refuted for his wahabi approach on Ibn Abdul Wahab Najdi which can be read here]
The deobandi mufti said:
“a) This Salawat should not be considered to be specifically established through the Sunna, neither should it be considered superior to other forms of Salawat that are established and narrated from the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace).
I am sure that this Deobandi Mufti knows that except Darud e Ibrahimi ,no other darud is authentically related from prohet with a sahih chain of narration.
Then why is that this Mufti is making this point which is irrelevant at this point?
The answer is clear ! This Mufti is making a foundation to justify the claim of his “sect” !
Even if this Darud is considered to be established through the sunna ( which is not ), how will this belief constitute shirk??
Does our Deobandi mufti knows that what is shirk? If a layman considers a mawdu narration to be from prophet, will it make him mushrik???
The answer is clear ! No one has ever said that this darud has been established though the Sunna ( Just like qasida burdah ) .
This Deobandi Mufti wanted to call sunni muslimas as mushrik , that is why he wrote this belief of his sect !
The second claim by the Deobandi Mufti
“One should avoid attaching benefits of reciting this Salawat that are connected to the hereafter. However, there is nothing wrong in mentioning the many worldly benefits of reciting it, as they are based upon experience. “
By making this claim , the living Mufti has unknowingly hurt the claim of his Imam e Rabbani of the deobandis, Shaykh Rashid Gangohi.
Shaykh Rashid Gangohi said:
Whatever excellence is attributed to Durood-e-Taj by the ignorant (jahil) is absolutely wrong”.
As per Rashid Gangohi al deobandi only the ignorantsattributethe excellence to DaroodTaj.
And this living Deobandi mufti says:
“there is nothing wrong in mentioning the many worldly benefits of reciting it, as they are based upon experience.”
Can this Deobandi Mufti tell us, who had this experience of worldly benefits ? If these were ignorant
(Jahil), then how can we base our ruling on experience of these ignorants?
Did these ignorant muslim inform him that they are not getting any benefit after they are dead.? Did they come back after being buried ?
[ Note it a part of Deobandi belief that prophet can not help us or move from his blessed resting place , but the deobandi scholars can do so . See here for derails]
How does this living Deobandi mufti come to know that there is ONLY wordly benefits from reciting Darud Taj? How is he sure that there is no reward/ beneifit after this life?
Why is he not mentioning these hadith?
Recite Durood on me in abundance on Fridays, for Durood is presented to me (on Fridays). (Abu Dawood, Nisai, Ibni Majah and Ibni Hibban)
Allah bestows ten measures of mercy to the one who recites Durood on me; ten of his sins are forgiven; he is elevated ten ranks and ten virteous deeds are written in his Book of Deeds (Nasai and Tibrani)
Imam Mustaghfiri Rd narrates that Rasulullah( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam)said :
“Whoever recites 100 times Durood on me daily, 100 of his needs will be fullfilled – 30 worldly needs and 70 pertaining to the Akhirah.”
And Darud Taj begins with
O Allah, send blessings and Peace upon our Master and Patron Muhammad, The Owner of the Crown……..
The hatred for prophet can be seen in the writing of this deobandi mufti.
The Deobandi Mufti then writes:
“ The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) must be considered a “means” of removing afflictions, sicknesses, droughts and the like, whilst Allah Most High must be regarded the absolute remover of all pains and calamities.”
The Imam of the wahabis in India, Ismail Dehalvi said that even if the beleif is that prophet or any one else is a “means” ., it will sticll constitute SHIRK ! [Tafwiyatul Iman]
So if this Deobandi mufti considers prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) to be a “means” he still commits shirk as per the fatwa of his wahabi imam.
Muslims have nothing to do with this wahabi fatwa.
But which Muslim in the world thinks that Any one except Allah has absolute power over anything? Why is he bent on proving that all the muslims are mushrik and do not know this fact? Does he not know that all the muslims know that Allah has absolute knowledge, control and authority over everything . Allah bestows this upon anyone whom HE wishes.
Lets look at the hadith of Black seed as found in Sahih of Imam Bukhari
Narrated Aisha (RAA) that she heard the Prophet (SAW) saying, “The black cumin is healing for all diseases except As-Sam.” Aisha (RAA) asked “What is As-Sam?” He (SAW) said, “Death.”
Does this deobandi mufti think that the black cumin has healing power in itselfor Allah has given this in it? Prophet did not say “ Allah has given shifa in black seed” rather he ( alay his salam ) said “ The black cumin is healing for all disease….” Because it is known and understood by every muslim that Allah is the ultimate power for everything.
But our learned mufti wanted to fulfill his desire of calling muslims as mushrikand to prove his sect correct !
For better understanding of this topic the learnedmufti shouldread Fatwa Khairiya.( Kitab al Iman )
We seek refuge in Allah from these wahabisand pray to Allah to guide these people on the right path . Ameen.
Proof from Quran and Hadith
- And Allah is not one to chastise them, till (‘O beloved Prophet) you are in their midst. And Allah is not to chastise them, whilst they are begging forgiveness. (Al Anfal , 33)
Here Allah subhanahu wata’ala clearly says thatHe will not chastise these wrongdoertill our beloved prophet is between them . It means prophet is the cause for these peoplenot getting punished . Hence heis definitely “One who repels calamities,” asfound in Darud Taj.
2 And We sent not you, but a mercy for all worlds. ( Al Anbiyaa, 107)
And it is understood that being a mercy includes being a cause ofremoving calamities.
3. And We have not sent any messenger, but that he should be obeyed by Allah’s will. And if when they do injustice unto their souls, then O beloved! They should come to you and then beg forgiveness of Allah and the messenger should intercede for them then surely, they would find Allah Most Relenting, Merciful.
(An Nisaa, 64)
Allahhas full authority to forgive any one whom He wishes , But Lord of the entire creation says that the sinners should have goneto prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam) and requested him to pray for them.
Getting ones sin forgiven is definitely a great news aswe will notget punished for these sins in the here after . Which means the calamityget removed . Again it is prophet who was made a cause forforgiving these people. Hence prophet sal allahu alayhi wa sallamis definitely “One who repels calamities,” asfound in Darud Taj.
4 Those who were driven out from their homes without right only on this pretext that they said, ‘Our Lord is Allah. And if Allah had not removed men one by means of other, then necessarily, the cloisters and churches and synagogues and mosques wherein the name of Allah is mentioned much would have been pulled down. And undoubtedly, Allah will necessarily help him who will help His religion; verily Allah is necessarily, Powerful, Dominant
( Al Hajj , 40)
This shows thatthrough mujahidden difficulty andhardship is removed.
5 And if Allah would not repel some of them by some others among people, then necessarily the earth, would have been ruined, but Allah is Munificent to entire, world . ( Al Baqara, 251)
The commentators (mufassireen) have said thatdue to muslimsthe calamties which areto come on evil doers is removed .
6 They are those who disbelieved and hindered you from the Sacred mosque, and the sacrificial animals were detained from reaching their place of sacrifice. And if it had not been for certain believing men and some believing women whom you knew not that you might have trampled them, and there befall you any harm from them unknowingly, We would have permitted you to fight. This protection of theirs is for that Allah may admit into His mercy whom He pleases. If they had been separated, necessarily then We would have punished the infidels among them with a painful punishment.
( Al Fath, 25)
Theverse mentions the incidence before the victory of Makkah. When prophet went for umra and the mushrikeen of the Makkah did not allow him to enter the city of Makkah.Allah revealed this verse telling the wisdom behind not enetering makkah this year. As it says clearly it was due to muslims that the unbelievers were not given punishment.
1 . Imam Bayhaqi has narrated a hadith in Shu`ab al-Iman on the authority ofAnas bin Malik[rd]that prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam ) saidthat Allah azz wa jal says “ When I seethose who visit my House ( masjid), those who love me and those who are awake in the night asking for forgiveness , then I do not send afflictions on land”.
- Imam Tabrani in his Mu’jam al-Kabir and Imam Bayhaqi in his sunan have narrated a hadithon the authorityof Rabia [rd] that prophet ( sal allahu alayhi wa sallam)said “ hadthere not been worshippers punctual in salah ( prayer)andinfantsand grazing animals , then Allah would have surely sent afflication onyou.
The old name of Medina al Munawwara was “ Yathrib” which is derived from the root word “tharb” meaning “fasad’ ( wickedness). People used to get high fever when they used to enter this city. When the companions of the prophet entered this city they all fell ill. When prophet was informed about this , he made dua
(supplication) and every one became well. The prophet then said” the dust of the city of medinahas curefor leprosy”
[ Al wafa; Imam Ibn Al Jawzi al Hanbali ]
This is a clear proof that prophet ( sal allahu alaihi wa sallam) was given the authority of removing affliction.
We seek refuge in Allah from these wahabis who use their money and resources to call muslims as mushrik and declare praiseworthy acts as ‘shirk”’
Darud Taj can be read at this link:
Abdullah Al Hasani
26th Zil Hijjah 1429